We use a variety of tools and methods in learning design, including the ADDIE process.
Analysis > Design > Development > Implementation > Evaluation
The ADDIE model is an Instructional Design process commonly used by learning designers and training developers. The five phases of ADDIE —Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation are a flexible guideline for building effective training and performance support tools.
Instructional goals and objectives are established in the analysis phase and the learning environment and learner’s existing knowledge and skills are identified.
- Who is the audience
- What are their characteristics?
- What is the behavioral outcome?
- What types of learning constraints exist?
- What are the delivery options?
- What is the timeline for project completion?
The design of a learning solution deals with learning objectives, assessment instruments, exercises, content, subject matter analysis, lesson planning and media selection. The design phase follows a logical, orderly method of identifying, developing and evaluating a set of planned strategies targeted for achieving the project’s goals. Each element of the instructional design plan is executed with attention to details.
- Documentation of the project’s instructional, visual and technical design strategy
- Application of instructional strategies according to the intended behavioral outcomes
- Creation storyboards
- Design of the user interface and user experience
- Creation of a prototype
During the development phase content is created and assembled according to the plan of the design phase. If technology is a part of deployment, content is created, tested and debugged. The project can then be reviewed and revised according to any feedback given.
Implementation is specific for the type of delivery determined to be most effective. Facilitator-led training will require a Train-the-trainer session to introduce content, learning objectives, procedures and overall training experience and evaluation procedures. Implementation of eLearning solutions will include testing of hardware and software as well as a plan for the deployment of software.
Every phase of the ADDIE process requires evaluation. Once a learning solution has been deployed, there will need to be systematic evaluation of overall effectiveness and any adjustments that need to be made.